How is trauma connected with childhood amnesia?
Childhood amnesia or memory gaps phenomenon is defined by experts as the inability of adults to access memories of situations or events before the age of 2–4 years. Even before the age of 10 some adults retain fewer memories than might otherwise be expected given the passage of time.
Many have questioned the credibility of theories surrounding childhood memory gaps phenomenon. Freud theorized that trauma would delay the cut-off for recalling, or cause memory gaps.
Even though Freud's theory has not been confirmed, it has been reported by neurologists and psychiatrists that children subjected to trauma during early childhood report fewer memories from their earliest years of life.
How experiences shapes our personality ?
Most professionals in psychology field agree that in the first years of our life character, learning and perception of the world is being formed. By the age of 4 our personality is shaped, and so the way of functioning in society.
Many of the skills acquired during this time are so deeply rooted in us that they are mostly not subjected to the subsequent process of education. The same applies, unfortunately, to any traumatizing events experienced during this period. They also shape our adult behavior, choices and fears.
How functional disorder and stress axis is related?
Neurologists know the concept of "stress axis." It is a set of direct influences and responses among the hypothalamus, the pituitary gland, and the adrenal glands. (HPA)
It is known that highly emotional, negative childhood experience can cause changes in the functioning of HPA axis. Out of balance HPA axis has been known to be involved in creating mood disorder and functional illnesses like anxiety, insomnia, PTSD, ADHD, depression, chronic fatigue ...
This simple conclusion comes to mind: a loved and accepted and safe child will be confident, creative and well-oriented to the adult world. And what about an unloved child or harmed?
He or she may focus on looking for threats and preparing for defense, instead of going into the future with trust and optimism,. The sense of fear and uncertainty may be compensated by risky behavior, addictions, anger outbursts, or by overeating.